جمعه, 02 تیر 1396 |

UN and Member States Mutual Cooperation Indispensible

Ever since 1945 when the United Nations was established, a good many international institutions, specialized agencies, as well as regional arrangements, mostly affiliated to UN have been founded, when necessary, all across the world and in particular in Asia, Europe and America as well as Africa.

In the span of last 68 years, given its objective and assigned duties ,every organization ,has carried out various political , economic, social ,technical and other missions  .It is worth reminding that several decades before 1945 ,some other global organizations ,the most well known being the International Labor Organization (ILO) had also been created and were in full operation in Geneva.

Certainly, the decisions and resolutions passed by these international organizations (except those of UN Security Council) do not have executions guarantees and may not materialize. The character of these organizations is their collective actions. Besides, they are very good forums of interaction and so called "brainstorming", and ultimately they may come up with constructive joint initiatives, by and large, benefiting all member states. In many cases, these collective initiatives have played a key role in solving problems of member states, which otherwise they might not have been able to address solely on their own.

So despite their shortcomings and minimal effects, the very existence of these organizations is indispensible.

Certainly those who believe that international organizations are futile either intend to weaken them or not understand the new international realities. They may also be a minority with reactionary views. The international community will undoubtedly rebuff this minority group.

There is no doubt that international organizations are not perfect. They themselves have not claimed that their objectives have been fully achieved. However, eventually, these organizations will evolve their duties and provide more services and will be more efficient. The assistance of members states certainly will play a key role in realizing the above goals. Time and again the high ranking authorities of UN have reaffirmed the need for member states help. Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan in his opening speech to sixtieth General Assembly in September 2005 called for again for the assistance of all member countries to advance the aspirations of the world body. Since that time the world has significantly changed and unfortunately several crisis points have been created that need collective action of international body to deal with. This necessarily demands again a colossal cooperation of all member states of UN.

To do this, we should not lose sight of the significant responsibilities of the countries hosting the United Nations and its affiliated organizations and special agencies. These countries certainly are quite aware that being the venue of an international organization or one of its agencies indicates the trust the world has placed upon them. Moreover, this promotes their global credibility as well as serves the economic interests of the said countries.

So, in fact, these countries should be grateful to the world community for this trust, and in return spare no efforts to provide these organizations with all facilities  for execution of their assignments. It is also their obligations to avoid any action, whatsoever, that may hinder their duties. These facilities also include the services that member states need to discharge their duties such as granting visa to permanent representatives and the members of any country mission to UN.   

Fortunately, the United Nations and all its affiliated organizations and the host countries have signed agreements. In these agreements, the sovereignty of the host country has been fully respected and in return they have been committed to provide all facilities for carrying out their tasks.

In the course of past decades, a number of bilateral agreements have been signed between host countries in four continents and different international agencies in Asia, Africa and America, the most well known being the "Headquarters Agreement "between the Government of Switzerland and the United Nations(1947),"Headquarters Agreement" between the Government of the United states and the United Nations (1947)  as well as the agreement between the Government of Kingdom  of Thailand and the United Nations Economic and Social  Commission for Asia and the Pacific –UNESCAP- (1975).Geneva, due to its role  as being host of the large number of these organizations and their  affiliates  as well as numerous related conferences and the seminars are one of the most frequently visited cities in the world .  Fortunately the Government of Switzerland has so far offered outstanding cooperation. The measures taken by the Government of Kingdom of Thailand as host country of UNESCAP  is commendable because it has spared no efforts in facilitating the holding of related international and regional meetings and conferences in this part of  Asia .To the best knowledge of this author, other countries in Africa have also given very invaluable assistance which deserves credit and appreciation. As for United States, it is expected to do more in making facilities for member states in order to discharge their duties.

Last but not the least, certainly the cooperation of the host countries of international agencies is very crucial and will contribute to achieving the objectives United Nations is up to, e .i. making the world a safer and better habitat to leave. Certainly these countries will also directly benefit from its cooperation and toward building mutual confidence between the member states of the United Nations.

 

8 December 2014