جمعه, 02 تیر 1396 |

Careful Words and Confidence Building Prerequisites in the Talks

In the sideline of Vienna Nuclear Talks

The sixth or final round of nuclear talks between Iran and 5+1 resumed

last week in Vienna. In this round, that may be extended up to 20 July 2014, the six months term for concluding a final agreement, as assuAbmed in Joint Action Plan, will be over, and the agreement supposedly is to be drafted.

There have been many analyses, remarks and anticipations, sometimes being pretty conflicting, on the possibility of reaching a final agreement after six months of painstaking and exhaustive negotiations. There have been some ,being quiet optimistic , who did believe that this time around the talks would be wrapped up and even predicted that the foreign ministers will come to Austrian capital to put their signatures on agreed upon final instrument .Conversely, there are other pessimist analysts and commentators who do believe , given the remained issues on which both parties are widely different, that there is a little chance that the final comprehensive agreement be reached this time around and talks possibly be extended for quite some time.

Whatever the outcome of this round of talks may be, it is worthy reminding that in this sensitive juncture, not only the negotiators, but all circles and groups, being fervent of this problem is resolved and calling for peace and security, seriously, need to avoid any comments and analyses that may adversely affect the process of the talks and eventually the outcome for resolving this problem. This is a problem that Iran Foreign Minister called it wisely "quite pointless". Certainly, those directly involved in the negotiations and having responsibility need to be much more catious in uttering words. Being careful now in using the words and taking position is much more unavoidable. Obviously any unnecessary and needless comments or remarks, if even be quite personal, may adversely affect the process of talks, which have so far taken too much time and energy. Over the past couple of weeks and just before the resumption of new round of discussions, many analyses, comments and even predictions have been made on the process of talks and the eventual results. Some high ranking officials, invovled in venture, have contributed article to the mass media ,making comments on the issue that has made a subject for more debates and rumors. Thus certain groups and circles, always being on standby to disturb the process of talks and eventual achievements, based on this article, did take it as an obvious reason for the failure of the talks. However, fortunately, Foreign Minister Zarif has had a sober and reasonable response to all these. As a veteran diplomat and being highly experienced in these kind negotiations, he rationally and clearly defended the position of his government. He asked blatantly all those concerned to avoid accusing each other. Dr Zarif reaffirmed that Iran had never obstructed reaching an agreement .He is quiet right. He was one of the members of negotiating team headed by then secretary of national Security Council of Iran Dr Hassan Rouhani (now the president) ten years ago. A colossal work was done on the part of Iranian side to conclude an agreement, said Dr. Zarif, and Iran even put forward a good proposal but was rejected by Bush administration.

The history has always been the most decent teacher and anybody can take good lessons from it and at least stop repetition of the past mistakes. Nevertheless there is no need remaining in the past and just seeking for the mistakes made by people and pick up the negative aspects of events that cannot but deteriorate the situation.

Another important issue deserves to be specially addressed is the confidence, or if you like confidence building. In the course of the past couple of months, this has been raised time and again by two parties, which is quite natural in a deliberating about the point of views on differences or conflicts. Undoubtedly confidence building should be initiated by one party or preferably both. It is quiet wise that "confidence begets confidence". Of course the opposite is quite possible. Now, after a long span of intense and difficult nuclear talks, that both sides have, somewhat, cognized their viewpoints, goals and interests, has not the time arrived that a relative mutual confidence be built? Certainly confidence is built in the long run. In the present circumstances that the good will and righteousness of one side has been proved, talking of lack confidence is no longer justified.

Everybody is quite aware, that four decades before on 1969, then the two super powers, The United States and Soviet Union, started the strategic arms limitation talks (SALT) in Helsinki that was conducive to a treaty known as SALT1.The talks persisted for a decades and SALT2 treaty was also signed in 1979. At the time although a deep suspicion was prevailing on the relations between the two super powers, ultimately they could surmount relatively their suspicions and uncertainties through cognition of each other capabilities, and finally came to terms of an agreement and were able to build confidence. By those treaties definitely the world is now a safer place to live

In spite of deep suspicions existed between two super powers, if they could built confidence and reach an agreement at that large scale, the two sides in this nuclear talks that is much smaller scale, they definitely can make it as well .Therefore, now a great opportunity is there and the two side ought to seize it and do it quickly before it is too late. Secretary of State John Kerry in his article has put that "we do have an opportunity now and a historical breakthrough is possible, and the political will and goals and not the capacities, should be proved; and the options and choices matter, let's take the wise choice."

That is true provided we do not only expect the other side to do this, we have to initiate from ourselves if we long for a world to be a safer and secure place.


5 July 2014