جمعه, 02 تیر 1396 |

A Stand for Democracy in the Digital Age

On International Human Rights Day, 562 authors, including 5 Nobel Prize laureates, from over 80 countries have joined together to launch an appeal in defense of civil liberties against surveillance by corporations and governments.

5 Nobel Prize Winners have signed: Orhan Pamuk, J.M. Coetzee, Elfriede Jelinek, Günter Grass and Tomas Tranströmer. Also among the signatories are Umberto Eco, Margaret Atwood, Don DeLillo, Daniel Kehlmann, Nawal El Saadawi, Arundhati Roy, Henning Mankell, Richard Ford, Javier Marias, Björk, David Grossman, Arnon Grünberg, Angeles Mastretta, Juan Goytisolo, Nuruddin Farah, João Ribeiro, Victor Erofeyev, Liao Yiwu and David Malouf.

This global pledge was organized by an independent international group of authors -  Juli Zeh, Ilija Trojanow, Eva Menasse, Janne Teller, Priya Basil, Isabel Cole, and Josef Haslinger. On Dec 10 it is published in 30 news papers all around the world:

In recent months, the extent of mass surveillance has become common knowledge. With a few clicks of the mouse the state can access your mobile device, your e-mail, your social networking and Internet searches. 

It can follow your political leanings and activities and, in partnership with Internet corporations, it collects and stores your data, and thus can predict your consumption and behaviour. 

The basic pillar of democracy is the inviolable integrity of the individual. Human integrity extends beyond the physical body. In their thoughts and in their personal environments and communications, all humans have the right to remain unobserved and unmolested. 

This fundamental human right has been rendered null and void through abuse of technological developments by states and corporations for mass surveillance purposes.

A person under surveillance is no longer free; a society under surveillance is no longer a democracy.

To maintain any validity, our democratic rights must apply in virtual as in real space.

* Surveillance violates the private sphere and compromises freedom of thought and opinion. 

* Mass surveillance treats every citizen as a potential suspect. It overturns one of our historical  triumphs, the presumption of innocence. 

* Surveillance makes the individual transparent, while the state and the corporation operate in secret. As we have seen, this power is being systemically abused.

* Surveillance is theft. This data is not public property: it belongs to us. When it is used to predict our behaviour, we are robbed of something else: the principle of free will crucial to democratic liberty.

WE DEMAND THE RIGHT for all people to determine, as democratic citizens, to what extent their personal data may be legally collected, stored and processed, and by whom; to obtain information on where their data is stored and how it is being used; to obtain the deletion of their data if it has been illegally collected and stored.

WE CALL ON ALL STATES AND CORPORATIONS to respect these rights.

WE CALL ON ALL CITIZENS to stand up and defend these rights.

WE CALL ON THE UNITED NATIONS to acknowledge the central importance of protecting civil rights in the digital age, and to create an International Bill of Digital Rights. 

WE CALL ON GOVERNMENTS to sign and adhere to such a convention.

 

Initiators:

Juli Zeh Germany

Ilija Trojanow Germany

Eva Menasse Germany

Janne Teller Denmark

Priya Basil UK

Isabel Fargo Cole USA

Josef Haslinger Austria

 

Signatories:

Anila Wilms Albania, Boualem Sansal Algeria, José Eduardo AgualUSA, Angola, Maria Teresa Andruetto Argentina, Edgardo Cozarinsky Argentina, María Sonia Cristoff Argentina, Marcelo Figueras Argentina, Carlos Gamerro Argentina, Alberto Manguel Argentina, Anila Wilms Albania, Boualem Sansal Algeria, José Eduardo AgualUSA, Angola, Maria Teresa Andruetto Argentina, Edgardo Cozarinsky Argentina, María Sonia Cristoff Argentina, Marcelo Figueras Argentina, Carlos Gamerro Argentina, Alberto Manguel Argentina, Guillermo Martinez Argentina, Elsa Osorio Argentina, Claudia Piñeiro Argentina, Samanta Schweblin Argentina, Debra Adelaide Australia, Chris Andrews Australia, Venero Armanno Australia, Larissa Beherendt Australia, James Bradley Australia, Brian Castro Australia, Nick Cave Australia, J. M. Coetzee Australia, Miriam Cosic Australia, Michelle de Kretser Australia, Nick Earls Australia, Delia Falconer Australia, Anna Funder Australia, Helen Garner Australia, Elisabeth Holdsworth Australia, Linda Jaivin Australia, Gail Jones Australia, Evelyn Juers Australia, Thomas Keneally Australia, Nam Le Australia, James Ley Australia, Angelo LoUk, akis Australia, David Malouf Australia, Frank Moorhouse Australia, Peter Rose Australia, Rosie Scott Australia, John Tranter Australia, Kirsten Tranter Australia, Arnold Zable Australia, Lily Brett Australia/USA, Geraldine Brooks Australia/USA, Melitta Breznik Austria, Olga Flor Austria, Karl-Markus Gauß Austria, Thomas Glavinic Austria, Monika Helfer Austria, Klaus Hoffer Austria, Alois Hotschnig Austria, Michael Köhlmeier Austri Robert Menasse Austria, Robert Pfaller Austria, Doron Rabinovici Austria, Christoph Ransmayr Austria, Kathrin Röggla Austria, David Schalko Austria, Robert Schindel Austria, Clemens J. Setz Austria, Marlene Streeruwitz Austria, Josef Winkler Austria, Daniel Kehlmann Austria/Germany, Tahmina Anam Bangladesh/UK, Ahmad Mostofa Kamal Bangladesh, Svetlana Alexievich Belarus, Valzhyna Mort Belarus/USA, Gie Bogaert Belgium, Saskia De Coster Belgium, Patrick De Rynck Belgium, Jozef Deleu Belgium, Laurent Demoulin Belgium, Charles Ducal Belgium, Joris Gerits Belgium, Jos Geysels Belgium, LuUk, Gruwez Belgium, Thomas Gunzig Belgium, Peter Holvoet-Hanssen Belgium, Elisabeth Marain Belgium, Pierre Mertens Belgium, Bart Moeyaert Belgium, Elvis Peeters Belgium, Erik Spinoy Belgium, Jeroen Theunissen Belgium, Rik Torfs Belgium, Koen Van Bockstal Belgium, Walter van den Broeck Belgium, Miriam Van hee Belgium, David van Reybrouck Belgium, Annelies Verbeke Belgium, Paul Verhaeghe Belgium, Roel Verschueren Belgium, Erik Vlaminck Belgium, Georges Wildemeersch Belgium, Carl Norac Belgium/France, Joke van Leeuwen Belgium/Netherlands, Miljenko Jergović Bosnia, Marçal Aquino Brazil, Marcelo Backes Brazil, Rafael Cardoso Brazil, Bernardo Carvalho Brazil, João Paulo Cuenca Brazil, João Ubaldo Ribeiro Brazil, Luiz Ruffato Brazil, Paulo Scott Brazil, Georgi Gospodinov Bulgaria, Kapka Kassabova Bulgaria/Scotland, Patrice Nganang Cameroon, Margaret Atwood Canada, Ken Babstock Canada, Cory Doctorow Canada, Yann Martel Canada, Colin McAdam Canada, Michael Ondaatje Canada, John Ralston Saul Canada, Madeleine Thien Canada, Arturo Fontaine Chile, Carla Guelfenbein Chile, Ariel Dorfman Chile/Argentina/USA, Lina Meruane Chile/USA, Liao Yiwu China, Héctor Abad Columbia, Oscar Collazos Columbia, Oscar Guardiola-Rivera Columbia, Antonio Ungar Colombia, Juan Gabriel Vásquez Colombia, Slavenka Drakulić Croatia, Nenad Popović Croatia, Dubravka Ugrešić Croatia, Leonardo Padura Fuentes Cuba, Iván de la Nuez Cuba/Spain, José Prieto Cuba/USA, Jaroslav Rudiš Czech Rep., Niels Barfoed Denmark, Thomas Boberg Denmark, Suzanne Brøgger Denmark, Tom BUk, -Swienty Denmark, Peter H. Fogtdal Denmark, Katrine Marie Guldager Denmark, Iselin C. Hermann Denmark, Peter Høeg Denmark, Sven Holm Denmark, Hanne Vibeke Holst Denmark, Carsten Jensen Denmark, ia Juul Denmark, Peter Øvig Knudsen Denmark, Morten Kringelbach Denmark, Jørgen Leth Denmark, Ib Michael Denmark, Morten Ramsland Denmark, Morten Sabroe Denmark, Pia Tafdrup Denmark, Abdourahman Waberi Djibouti, Francisco Proaño Arandi Ecuador, Alaa al-Aswany Egypt, awal El Saadawi Egypt, Ahdaf Soueif Egypt, Mona Eltahawy Egypt/USA, Horacio Castellanos Moya El Salvador, Monika Fagerholm Finland, Jarkko Tontti Finland, KjellWestö Finland, Jean-Jacques Beineix France, Céline Curiol France, Marie Darrieussecq France, Philippe Djian France, Lionel Duroy France, Mathias Énard France, Jérôme Ferrari France, Anne-Marie Garat France, Laurent Gaudé France, Pascale Hugues France, Alban Lefranc France, Roger Lenglet France, Virginie Lou-Nony France, Jean Mattern France, Betty Mialet France, Catherine Millet France, Frédéric Mitterrand France, Hélène Neveu Kringelbach France, Philippe Pozzo di Borgo France, Flore Vasseur France, Martin Winckler France/Canada, Jonathan Littell France/USA, Friedrich Ani Germany, Michael Augustin Germany, Anke Bastrop Germany, Ulrich Beck Germany, Artur Becker Germany, Josef Bierbichler Germany, Marica Bodrožić Germany, Mirko Bonné Germany, Ralf Bönt Germany, Nora Bossong Germany, Daniel Cohn-Bendit Germany, Daniela Dahn Germany, Liane Dirks Germany, Doris Dörrie Germany, Ulrike Draesner Germany, Kurt Drawert Germany, Tanja Dückers Germany, Carolin Emcke Germany, Sherko Fatah Germany, David Finck Germany, Julia Franck Germany, Franziska Gerstenberg Germany, Christoph Giesa Germany, Roman Graf Germany, Günter Grass Germany, Kerstin Grether Germany, Annett Gröschner Germany, Gert Heidenreich Germany, ChristophHein Germany, Thomas Hettche Germany, Paul Ingendaay Germany, Elfriede Jelinek Austria, Steffen Kopetzky Germany, Mareike Krügel Germany, Michael Krüger Germany, Michael Kumpfmüller Germany, Antje Kunstmann Germany, Katja Lange-Müller Germany, Benjamin Lauterbach Germany, Jo Lendle Germany, Michael Lentz Germany, Ulli Lust Germany, Angelina Maccarone Germany, Kristof Magnusson Germany, Sten Nadolny Germany, Christiane Neudecker Germany, Norbert Niemann Germany, Ingo Niermann Germany, Markus Orths Germany, Georg M. Oswald Germany, Inka Parei Germany, Annette Pehnt Germany, Antje Rávic Strubel Germany, Annika Reich Germany, Moritz Rinke Germany, Charlotte Roos Germany, Eugen Ruge Germany, Peter Schneider Germany, Erasmus Schöfer Germany, Ingo Schulze Germany, Hilal Sezgin Germany, Peter Sloterdijk Germany, Tilman Spengler Germany, Burkhard Spinnen Germany, Ulrike Steglich Germany, Hans-Ulrich Treichel Germany, Regula Venske Germany, Marius von Mayenburg Germany, Thomas von Steinaecker Germany, Gisela von Wysocki Germany, Jan Wagner Germany, Alissa Walser Germany, Theresia Walser Germany, Peter Weibel Germany, Florian Werner Germany, Roger Willemsen Germany, Ron Winkler Germany, Jan Christophersen Germany, Kwame Dawes Ghana/USA, Kostas Akrivos Greece, Petros Markaris Greece, Nina Rapi Greece, Thanassis Valtinos Greece, Edwidge Danticat Haiti/USA, Xu Xi Hong Kong/USA, Tibor Babiczky Hungary, Zsófia Balla Hungary, Zsófia Bán Hungary, Báthori Csaba Hungary, György Dragomán Hungary, Peter Esterhazy Hungary, Krisztián Grecsó Hungary, Noémi Kiss Hungary, László Krasznahorkai Hungary, Lajos Parti Nagy Hungary, Anna T. Szabó Hungary, Björk Iceland, Oddný Eir Iceland, Einar Már Guðmundsson Iceland, Hallgrímur Helgason Iceland, Bjarni Jónsson Iceland, Andri Snær Magnason Iceland, Steinnun Sigurðardóttir Iceland, Sjón Iceland, Jón KalmanStefánsson Iceland, Shahid Amin India, Amit Chaudhuri India, Tishani Doshi India, Naresh Fernandes India, Amitav Ghosh India, Ramchandra Guha India, Anjum Hassan India, Ranjit Hoskoté India, Raj Kamal Jha India, Ruchir Joshi India, Girish Karnad India, MUk, ul Kesavan India, Amitava Kumar India, Pankaj Mishra India, Kiran Nagarkar India, Jerry Pinto India, Arundhati Roy India, Arundhati Subramaniam India, Jeet Thayil India, Altaf Tyrewala India, Salil Tripathi India/UK, SUk, etu Mehta India/USA, Jabbar Yassin Hussin Iraq, Hassan Blasim Iraq/Finland, Najem Wali Iraq/Germany, Roddy Doyle Ireland, Colum McCann Ireland, Colm Tóibín Ireland/USA, Assaf Gavron Israel, David Grossman Israel, Etgar Keret Israel, Yitzhak Laor Israel, Sami Michael Israel, Amos Oz Israel, Zeruya Shalev Israel, Andrea Bajani Italy, Massimo Carlotto Italy, Erri de Luca Italy, Andrea di Carlo Italy, Umberto Eco Italy, Paolo Giordano Italy, Dacia Mariani Italy, Sabine Gruber Italy/ Austria, Tosihiko Uji Japan, Elias Farkouh Jordan, Dominique Eddé Lebanon, Rawi Hage Lebanon/Canada, Ahmed Fagih Libya/Egypt, Ranga Yogeshwar Luxembourg, Nikola Madzirov Macedonia, Samson Kambalu Malawi, Tan Twan Eng Malaysia, Pierre Mejlak Malta, Rosa Beltrán Mexico, Sabina Berman Mexico, Carmen Boullosa Mexico, Ana Clavel Mexico, Alma Guillermoprieto Mexico, Valeria Luiselli Mexico, Angeles Mastretta Mexico, René Appel Netherlands, Abdelkader Benali Netherlands, Ronald Bos Netherlands, Ian Buruma Netherlands, Gerrit Bussink Netherlands, Saskia de Jong Netherlands, Job Degenaar Netherlands, Renate Dorrestein Netherlands, Rudolf Geel Netherlands, Arnon Grünberg Netherlands, Joke J. Hermsen Netherlands, Marjolin Hof Netherlands, Tjitske Jansen Netherlands, Liesbeth Lagemaat Netherlands, Thomas Lieske Netherlands, Geert Mak Netherlands, Nelleke Noordervliet Netherlands, Ester Naomi Perquin Netherlands, Aleid Truijens Netherlands, Manon Uphoff Netherlands, Jan van Mersbergen Netherlands, Anne Vegter Netherlands, Pip Adam New Zealand, Tim Corballis New Zealand, Nicky Hager New Zealand, Ingrid Horrocks New Zealand, Lloyd Jones New Zealand, Elizabeth Knox New Zealand, Bill Manhire New Zealand, Courtney Sina Meredith New Zealand, Sarah Quigley New Zealand, Anna Sanderson New Zealand, C. K. Stead New Zealand, SUSA, n Pearce New Zealand/UK, Helon Habila Nigeria, Chika Unigwe Nigeria, Olumide Popoola Nigeria/Germany, Jostein Gaarder Norway, Per Petterson Norway, Mohsin Hamid Pakistan, Ahmed Rashid Pakistan, Kamila Shamsie Pakistan/GB, Suad Amiry Palestine, Mourid Barghouti Palestine, Najwan Darwish Palestine, Nathalie Handal Palestine, Raja Shehadeh Palestine, Adania Shibli Palestine, Ghassan Zaqtan Palestine, Ala Hlehel Palestine/Israel, Santiago Roncagliolo Peru, Miguel Syjuco Philippines/Canad, Ignacy Karpowicz Poland, Beata Stasińska Poland, Witold Szabłowski Poland, Olga TokarczUk, Poland, Pedro Rosa Mendes Portugal, Mircea Cărtărescu Romania, Vladimir Aristov Russia, Alan Cherchesov Russia, Victor Erofeyev Russia, Alisa Ganiyeva Russia, Dmitri Golynko Russia, Alexander Ilichevsky Russia, Sergei Lebedev Russia, Stanislav Lvovsky Russia, Mikhail Shishkin Russia, Alexander Skidan Russia, Alexander Snegiryov Russia, Cheikh Hamidou Kane Senegal, David Albahari Serbia, Bora Ćosić Serbia/Croatia, Michal Hvorecký Slovakia, Gabriela Babnik Slovenia, Aleš Čar Slovenia, Aleš Debeljak Slovenia, Mojca Kumerdej Slovenia, Miha Mazzini Slovenia, Dušan Šarotar Slovenia, Aleš Šteger Slovenia, Nuruddin Farah Somalia/South Africa, Breyten Breytenbach South Africa, Antjie Krog South Africa, Zakes Mda South Africa, Margie Orford South Africa, Henrietta Rose-Innes South Africa, Gillian Slovo South Africa, Ivan Vladislavić South Africa, ZUk, iswa Wanner South Africa, Hwang Sok-Yong South Korea, Ricardo Bada Spain, Javier Cercas Spain, Rafael Chirbes Spain, Juan Goytisolo Spain, Julio Llamazares Spain, Javier Marías Spain, Antonio Muñoz Molina Spain, Rosa Montero Spain, Javier Salinas Spain, José F. A. Oliver Spain/Germany, Romesh Gunesekera Sri Lanka, Jamal Mahjoub Sudan, Arne Dahl Sweden, Per Olov Enquist Sweden, Aris Fioretos Sweden, Jan Guillou Sweden, Björn Larsson Sweden, Henning Mankell Sweden, Håkan Nesser Sweden, Tomas Tranströmer Sweden, Svante Weyler Sweden, Melinda Nadj Abonji Switzerland, Sybille Berg Switzerland, Peter Bieri Switzerland, Irena Brežná Switzerland, Iso Camartin Switzerland, Alex Capus Switzerland, Martin Dean Switzerland, Catalin Florescu Switzerland, Christian Haller Switzerland, Reto Hänny Switzerland, Eveline Hasler Switzerland, Franz Hohler Switzerland, Pedro Lenz Switzerland, Charles Lewinsky Switzerland, Klaus Merz Switzerland, Julian Schütt Switzerland, Peter Stamm Switzerland, Alain Sulzer Switzerland, Urs Widmer Switzerland, Hala Mohammed SyriaAbdulrazak Gurnah Tanzania/UK, Rattawut Lapcharoensap Thailand/US, Tahar Bekri Tunesia/France, Yasar Kemal Turkey, Murathan Mungun Turkey, Orhan PamUk, Turkey, BUk, et Uzuner Turkey, William Boyd UK, Akkas Al-Ali UK, Tariq Ali UK, David Almond UK, Martin Amis UK, Julian Barnes UK, John Berger UK, William Boyd UK, John Burnside UK, Louis de Bernières UK, Isobel Dixon UK, Joanne Harris UK, Kazuo Ishiguro UK, Pico Iyer UK, Stephen Kelman UK, Hari Kunzru UK, Ian McEwan UK, Stella Newman UK, Martin Rowson UK, Will Self UK, Owen Sheers UK, Philip Sington UK, Tom Stoppard UK, Adam Thirwell UK, David Vann UK, Nigel Warbuton UK, Irvine Welsh UK, Jeanette Winterson UK, Rana Dasgupta UK/India, Anjali Joseph UK/India, Nikita Lalwani UK/India, Fadia Faqir UK/Jordan, Hanif Kureishi UK/Pakistan, Lionel Shriver UK/US, Myroslav Marynovych Uk raine, Oksana Zabuzhko Uk raine, John Ashbery USA, Paul Auster USA, Elise Blackwell USA, T. C. Boyle USA, Alexander Chee USA, Billy Collins USA, Don DeLillo USA, Colin Dickey USA, Jennifer Egan USA, Dave Eggers USA, Elizabeth Eslami USA, Jeffrey Eugenides USA, Richard Ford USA, George Dawes Green USA, Joe Hurley USA, Elizabeth Kostova USA, Adrian Nicole LeBlanc USA, Jonathan Lethem USA, Barry Lopez USA, Ben Marcus USA, Tyler McMahon USA, Maaza Mengiste USA/Ethiopia, Claire Messud USA, David Mitchell USA, Josip Novakovich USA, George Packer USA, Tim Parrish USA, Richard Powers USA, Domnica Radulescu USA/Romania, James Salter USA, Sapphire USA, Richard Sennett USA, Jane Smiley USA, Anne Waldman USA, Alice Walker USA, Eliot Weinberger USA, Jeffrey Yang USA, Aleksandar Hemon USA/Bosnia, Brian Chikwava Zimbabwe, Henry Porter, UK, Ha Jin, China/USA, Peter Godwin (Zimbabwe): president of US PEN, Jorie Graham (US), Ben Okri (Nigeria), Raja Alem (Saudi-Arabia), Mansura Eseddin (Egypt), Nury Vittachi (Hong Kong), Celil Oker (Turkey), Tamta Melaschwili (Georgia), Albert Wendt (Samoa), Zülfü Livaneli (Turkey), Nii Parkes (Ghana), Patricia Grace (New Zealand), Sahar Khalifeh( Palestine), Nigel Barley (England).